Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Daniel Tartakovsky › Publications › taverniers-2016-conservative

S. Taverniers, A. Y. Pigarov and D. M. Tartakovsky, "Conservative tightly-coupled simulations of stochastic multiscale systems", *J. Comput. Phys.*, vol. 313, doi:10.1016/j.jcp.2016.02.047, pp. 400-414, 2016

Multiphysics problems often involve components whose macroscopic dynamics is driven by microscopic random fluctuations. The fidelity of simulations of such systems depends on their ability to propagate these random fluctuations throughout a computational domain, including subdomains represented by deterministic solvers. When the constituent processes take place in nonoverlapping subdomains, system behavior can be modeled via a domain-decomposition approach that couples separate components at the interfaces between these subdomains. Its coupling algorithm has to maintain a stable and efficient numerical time integration even at high noise strengths. We propose a conservative domain-decomposition algorithm in which tight coupling is achieved by employing either Picard's or Newton's iterative method. Coupled diffusion equations, one of which has a Gaussian white-noise source term, provide a computational testbed for analysis of these two coupling strategies. Fully-converged ("implicit") coupling with Newton's method typically outperforms its Picard counterpart, especially at high noise levels. This is because the number of Newton iterations scales linearly with the amplitude of the Gaussian noise, while the number of Picard iterations can scale superlinearly. At large time intervals between two subsequent inter-solver communications, the solution error for single-iteration ("explicit") Picard's coupling can be several orders of magnitude higher than that for implicit coupling. Increasing the explicit coupling's communication frequency reduces this difference, but the resulting increase in computational cost can make it less efficient than implicit coupling at similar levels of solution error, depending on the communication frequency of the latter and the noise strength. This trend carries over into higher dimensions, although at high noise strengths explicit coupling may be the only computationally viable option.

@article{taverniers-2016-conservative,

author = {S. Taverniers and A. Y. Pigarov and D. M. Tartakovsky},

title = {Conservative tightly-coupled simulations of stochastic multiscale systems},

year = {2016},

urlpdf = {http://maeresearch.ucsd.edu/Tartakovsky/Papers/taverniers-2016-conservative.pdf},

journal = {J. Comput. Phys.},

volume = {313},

doi = {10.1016/j.jcp.2016.02.047},

pages = {400-414}

}