University of California, San Diego
Campus Directory| Search
Daniel TartakovskyPublications › sriram-2014-hematocrit
› Publications › Teaching › Research group › Useful links

Cite Details

K. Sriram, M. Intaglietta and D. M. Tartakovsky, "Hematocrit dispersion in asymmetrically bifurcating vascular networks", Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol., vol. 307, no. 11, doi:10.1152/ajpheart.00283.2014, pp. H1576-H1586, 2014


Quantitative modeling of physiological processes in vasculatures requires an accurate representation of network topology, including vessel branching. We propose a new approach for reconstruction of vascular network, which determines how vessel bifurcations distribute red blood cells in the microcirculation. Our method follows the foundation premise of Murray's law in postulating the existence of functional optimality of such networks. It accounts for the non-Newtonian behavior of blood by allowing the apparent blood viscosity to vary with discharge hematocrit and vessel radius. The optimality criterion adopted in our approach is the physiological cost of supplying oxygen to the tissue surrounding a blood vessel. Bifurcation asymmetry is expressed in terms of the amount of oxygen consumption associated with the respective tissue volumes being supplied by each daughter vessel. The vascular networks constructed with our approach capture a number of physiological characteristics observed in in-vivo studies. These include the non-uniformity of wall shear stress in the the microcirculation, the significant increase in pressure gradients in the terminal sections of the network, the non-uniformity of both the hematocrit partitioning at vessel bifurcations and hematocrit across the capillary bed, and the linear relationship between the RBC flux fraction the blood flow fraction at bifurcations.

BibTeX Entry

author = {K. Sriram and M. Intaglietta and D. M. Tartakovsky},
title = {Hematocrit dispersion in asymmetrically bifurcating vascular networks},
year = {2014},
urlpdf = {},
journal = {Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol.},
volume = {307},
number = {11},
doi = {10.1152/ajpheart.00283.2014},
pages = {H1576-H1586}