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T.-J. Choi, M. R. Maurya, D. M. Tartakovsky and S. Subramaniam, "Stochastic hybrid modeling of intracellular calcium dynamics", J. Chem. Phys., vol. 133, no. 16, doi:10.1063/1.3496996, pp. 165101, 2010


Deterministic models of biochemical processes at the sub-cellular level might become inadequate when a cascade of chemical reactions is induced by a few molecules. Inherent randomness of such phenomena calls for the use of stochastic simulations. However, being computationally intensive, such simulations become infeasible for large and complex reaction networks. To improve their computational efficiency in handling these networks, we present a hybrid approach, in which slow reactions and fluxes are handled through exact stochastic simulation and their fast counterparts are treated partially deterministically through chemical Langevin equation. The classification of reactions as fast or slow is accompanied by the assumption that in the time-scale of fast reactions, slow reactions do not occur and hence do not affect the probability of the state. Our new approach also handles reactions with complex rate expressions such as Michaelis-Menten kinetics. Fluxes which cannot be modeled explicitly through reactions, such as flux of Ca2+ from endoplasmic reticulum to the cytosol throug inositol 1,4,5- trisphosphate receptor channels, are handled deterministically. The proposed hybrid algorithm is used to model the regulation of the dynamics of cytosolic calcium ions in mouse macrophage RAW 264.7 cells. At relatively large number of molecules, the response characteristics obtained with the stochastic and deterministic simulations coincide, which validates our approach in the limit of large numbers. At low doses, the response characteristics of some key chemical species, such as levels of cytosolic calcium, predicted with stochastic simulations differ quantitatively from their deterministic counterparts. These observations are ubiquitous throughout dose response, sensitivity and gene-knockdown response analyses. While the relative differences between the peak-heights of the cytosolic [Ca2+] time-courses obtained from stochastic (mean of 16 realizations) and deterministic simulations are merely 1-4% for most perturbations, it is specially sensitive to levels of Gβγ (relative difference as large as 90% at very low Gβγ)

BibTeX Entry

author = {T.-J. Choi and M. R. Maurya and D. M. Tartakovsky and S. Subramaniam},
title = {Stochastic hybrid modeling of intracellular calcium dynamics},
year = {2010},
urlpdf = {},
journal = {J. Chem. Phys.},
volume = {133},
number = {16},
doi = {10.1063/1.3496996},
pages = {165101}