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Cite Details

H. Lu, D. Ermakova, H. Murakami Wainwright, L. Zheng and D. M. Tartakovsky, "Data-informed emulators for multi-physics simulations", J. Mach. Learn. Model. Comput., vol. 2, no. 2, doi:10.1615/JMachLearnModelComput.2021038577, pp. 33-54, 2021


Machine learning techniques are powerful tools for construction of emulators for complex systems. We explore different machine learning methods and conceptual methodologies, ranging from functional approximations to dynamical approximations, to build such emulators for coupled thermal, hydrological, mechanical and chemical processes that occur near an engineered barrier system in the nuclear waste repository. Two nonlinear approximators, random forests and neural networks, are deployed to capture the complexity of the physics-based model and to identify its most significant hydrological and geochemical parameters. Our emulators capture the temporal evolution of the Uranium distribution coefficient of the clay buffer, and identify its functional dependence on these key parameters. The emulators' accuracy is further enhanced by assimilating relevant simulated predictors and clustering strategy. The relative performance of random forests and neural networks shows the advantage of ensemble learning in random forests algorithm, especially for highly nonlinear problems with limited data.

BibTeX Entry

author = {H. Lu and D. Ermakova and H. Murakami Wainwright and L. Zheng and D. M. Tartakovsky},
title = {Data-informed emulators for multi-physics simulations},
year = {2021},
urlpdf = {},
journal = {J. Mach. Learn. Model. Comput.},
volume = {2},
number = {2},
doi = {10.1615/JMachLearnModelComput.2021038577},
pages = {33-54}